In accordance with this requirement, the BLM was set up on 1 April 1985 as an independent body of public law, exercising responsibility on behalf of the public under the Bavarian Constitution and acting as a public service agent for commercially organised broadcasting services in Bavaria. The tasks of the BLM are laid down in the Bavarian Media Law which affords the BLM independence from state intervention and autonomy regarding programme organi sation. The Bavarian Ministry of Sciences, Research and the Arts monitors the activities of the BLM regarding general law while its financial policy is monitored by the Bavarian Supreme Audits Office.
Commercial broadcasting in Bavaria is organised on the basis of the Bavarian Media Law. Unlike all other German states (Länder), the Constitution in Bavaria requires broadcasting services licensed in Bavaria to be organised under public control.